3198

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3198
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Foreign Policy and International Relations
Regions East Asia, Europe, Middle East, South Asia
Countries France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Romania, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Geheime Staatspolizei, Security Service, Government Code and Cypher School
People Edward Bridges, Phillipe P├ętain

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Western Europe: that Army Group B orders the 1st Army to develop a defence position along the Moselle from Thionville to Nancy, on August 31; on the progress of the 64th Corps en route from south-west France, on August 31, stating that elements of the 16th Infantry Division are in Nevers and elements of the 159th Division are still near Poitiers; that the 66th Corps moves from Besancon to Langres to secure the northern flank, noting the resubordination of an SS police regiment to the 66th Corps in a life and death situation to secure the northern flank, on August 31; on German Air Force (GAF) tasks for September 1, including the destruction of the Rhone bridges between Sault and the Swiss frontier and providing fighter protection for withdrawing German Army units; that the most important German formations are now on the east bank of the Rhone and within 35 miles of Lyons; of plans for the withdrawal of German units from Lyons, on August 30; a 19th Army battle report for August 30, describing heavy losses in the face of an Allied advance in the Lyons area; that the German Navy abandons Le Havre, Recamp and Rouen harbours after destroying their facilities, on August 30; that elements of possibly the 1st Panzer Division, last noted in Russia in mid-August, of the 47th Infantry Division and the 6th Parachute Division, are all located north of Paris, on August 30; of a request for GAF air support from Army Group B, on the night of August 31/September 1; of the combat plans for the 47th Corps, on August 31; of the 82nd Corps, previously in the Dunkirk area, moving to the Carignan area, south-east of Sedan, on August 30; and of a fighting withdrawal by the 5th Panzer Army to the St Quentin area, on August 31; from the German ambassador to the Vatican, a report of August 28 on Churchill's audience with the Pope of August 23 but which was only made public on August 26, and his talks while in Italy with Crown Prince Umterto, Bonomi and Badoglio; from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Berlin, a circular to all German embassies emphasising continuing German support for Marshal Petain and Laval as respectively the French head of state and prime minister, on August 28; from the Swiss minister in Budapest, describing developments in German/Hungarian relations, and that Germany is to assist Hungary in defending Transylvania and resisting the Romanians and Russians, on August 27; from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin, forwarding further details from his Foreign Minister of the minister's recent talks with the German ambassador, detailing Japanese pressure to push Germany into starting peace negotiations with Russia; on Southern Europe: that the 14th Panzer Corps withdraws overnight on August 30/31 to a line north of and parallel to the River Arno, leaving Pisa to the Allies; and of indications that the 90th Panzer Grenadier Division on the western Italian Front may be about to return to central Italy, on August 30.

Keywords

German strategy, defence, Western Front, troop movements, German withdrawal, military dispositions, German air force, operations planning, aerial attacks, transportation, diplomatic intelligence, Vichy regime, Turkish foreign policy, peace proposals, Axis powers, guerrilla warfare, anti-Nazi resistance, occupied France, military situation reports, casualties, strafing, evacuation, naval bases, counter-attacks, German army, military objectives

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