3196

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3196
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Africa, Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean, South Asia
Countries Bulgaria, China, Crete, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, India, Italy, Japan, Norway, Russia, Singapore, Soviet Union
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School, Security Service
People Edward Bridges, Karl Dönitz, Adolf Hitler, Joachim von Ribbentrop

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Western Europe: a 1st Army combat report for August 30 detailing activities of 5 of its divisions; and that the Germans destroy Dieppe harbour before its evacuation, on August 31; on Southern Europe: on a German battle group being at three points in Thrace with orders from Hitler to fight to the last man, on August 28; that the situation in the Aegean necessitates a concentration in the north of the Peloponnese-western Greece area, with the coastal defence line to be moved in stages; and of troops being evacuated from Crete to the mainland, on August 30; on Eastern Europe: that German naval forces in the Black Sea receive orders to scuttle their ships and submarines off Bulgaria when their fighting power has been exhausted to avoid them falling into enemy hands, on August 29/30; a special message from Himmler that is not included, but which was kept and destroyed by the Prime Minister (PM), on August 31; Naval Headlines; from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin, forwarding details from Tokyo of a meeting on August 28 between the Japanese Foreign Minister and the German ambassador to Japan in which the Japanese were critical of the German war effort and considered that Germany should make peace with the Soviet Union to conserve her strength to fight the Western Allies; a second message of August 29 giving more detail of this meeting; a further message of August 29 in which Japan offers to mediate between Germany and the Soviet Union to achieve a peace agreement; the initial message of August 24 to the ambassador from Tokyo ordering him to see Ribbentrop and persuade Germany to start peace negotiations with the Soviet Union; and a message from the ambassador on German submarine research and production, from August 12; and from the Portuguese minister in Berlin, that the diplomatic corps there considers a further attempt to overthrow Hitler is possible and in any case Germany is unlikely to hold out for more than six weeks, from August 28.

Keywords

military situation reports, counter-attacks, German army, Western Front, military organisation, defence, demolitions, ports, German strategy, occupied Greece, German withdrawal, contingency planning, captured equipment, warships, submarines, personnel, naval intelligence, German U-boats, civil unrest, anti-Nazi resistance, occupied France, Pacific War, aerial attacks on ships, Japanese navy, diplomatic intelligence, Japanese government, defectors, Axis powers, weapons development, technology, German navy

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