3004

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3004
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Europe
Countries Belgium, France
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Adolf Hitler, Erwin Rommel

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on France: of Rommel's orders to von Schlieben to fight to the last cartridge in accordance with Hitler's orders; von Schlieben reports having twice ignored a written demand for surrender from the Ground Officer Commanding (GOC) the U.S. Forces; a later report from von Schlieben of an Allied attack on his Battle HQ with tanks, on June 25; that von Schlieben's hopes for urgent German Air Force (GAF) support were not met as Army Group B diverted all its formations to the Caen area; that GAF intentions for June 25-26 included supplying Cherbourg and continuing attacks on the unloading fleet with its main operations in the Tilly area; battle reports for June 25 from von Schlieben and the 21st Panzer Division, noting that an Allied attack east of Escoville supported by artillery was repulsed, that a tank attack by the Hitler Jugend Division was halted, and that the Panzer Lehr Division suffered heavy losses in an Allied break-through between Fontenay and Montilly; that GAF fighter formations operating in the Tilly area suffered heavy losses in air combat; that a request for photo reconnaissance of new Allied airfields was refused because of the air situation; of the Battle HQ of the 1st SS Panzer Division transferring from Belgium to Normandy, and being set up at Gouville, on June 25; of ammunition and transport being destroyed in an Allied air raid on Beauvais, on June 24; on heavy damage caused in an Allied air raid on Sete 80 miles to the west of Marseilles, on June 25; of a GAF fuel depot being hit in an Allied air raid on Monbartier; air raid damage reports from Chartres, Avignon and Tarascon; and of the naval and army strengths in the Channel Islands on June 24, with there being adequate quantities of artillery ammunition in the batterie area there.

Keywords

military situation reports, Battle of Normandy, Operation Overlord, defence, ports, encirclement, German army, German strategy, supply drops, British army, military operations, counter-attacks, air warfare, German air force, casualties, aerial reconnaissance, troop movements, effects of bombing, railways, factories, fuel, military strength, occupied Channel Islands

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