Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/2985
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Foreign Policy and International Relations
Regions Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean, South Asia
Countries England, France, Great Britain, India, Ireland, Italy, Norway
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School, Security Service
People Edward Bridges, Dwight Eisenhower, Charles de Gaulle, Erwin Rommel, Franklin Delano Roosevelt


A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Western Europe: a German review of the Cherbourg position as at early on June 21, covering the 709th Division being exhausted with severe casualties among its officers, the morale of troops awaiting combat being very poor and that the good treatment being given to German prisoners by the Allies was considered very dangerous, and that more Allied attacks are expected on June 21; on the disposition of the German troops in Normandy as at June 18; and on the tasks of the 2nd Parachute Corps and the 84th Army Corps, the 2nd SS Panzer Division and the 353rd Infantry Division, all being listed as reserves of the 7th Army; on Southern Europe: that on June 20 the 14th Corps on the western coastal sector of the main Italian Front was facing 2 Allied divisions on its right wing and another 2 on its left; further battle reports for June 20 reflecting continuing German withdrawals; that the Germans are to withdraw from Ancona - army units from June 20, and naval elements during the night of June 24/25, with Fano, north-west of Ancona, also to be evacuated, and that the 278th Division is directing the overall evacuation; and that the 10th Army's intentions are to hold its present line as at June 20, also giving holding positions for the 278th Division and the 5th Mountain Division; Naval Headlines, which includes considerable Sigint on U-boat operations in the Channel and German demolition operations in Cherbourg harbour; from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin, regarding V-1 attacks against London and the progress of the Normandy invasion, on June 17; from the French government in exile in Algiers, a message of June 12 in French to the French mission in Chungking, summarising de Gaulle's visit to London, the Normandy invasion, the U.K./U.S. relationships, etc. in the French language; from the Portuguese charg� in Berlin, a report of June 14 stating that Rommel had been deprived of his command of the northern sector of France because he imposed his plan of defending the beaches against the judgement of Marshal Rundstedt who was an advocate of defence in depth; and from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin, a report of June 16 on information he had obtained on the V-1 retaliatory bombing of London which started on the night of June 15 following an experimental bombardment on June 13, stating that preparations had been made to continue the bombing for a period of 3 months.


military strength, German army, casualties, German morale, Battle of Normandy, Operation Overlord, military dispositions, Italian Campaign, Allied powers, military operations, German withdrawal, evacuation, military situation reports, German strategy, defence, naval intelligence, naval operations, torpedo boats, German navy, demolitions, ports, coastal defence, artillery, German U-boats, naval warfare, Pacific War, naval bases, diplomatic intelligence, secret weapons, Free French, military commanders

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