Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/1998
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Foreign Policy and International Relations
Regions Europe, Mediterranean
Countries Corsica, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Sardinia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Abwehr, Government Code and Cypher School
People Hermann Göring


A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Southern Europe: a report from the Commander in Chief (CinC) South for September 9, noting the Italians fighting alongside the Allies against the 14th Panzer Corps west of Salerno; the Panzer Division Centauro reports that General Carboni is in command of all Rome's troops; that the King, Badoglio, Ambrosio and Roatta are no longer in Rome; and that a demand has been sent to Carboni to lay down his arms; that German ground forces are to counter-attack near Salerno early on September 11; of fighter thrusts being ordered over the road of retreat of the 76th Panzer Corps from Castrovillari to Salaconsilini, on September 10; of an Allied air raid on Grosseto airfield and town, on September 9, with the railway station and track being heavily hit; a German Air Force (GAF) report for September 10, describing air sorties to locate an Italian Naval formation; patrols of Bonifacio to Maddalena, and Cagliari Bay; and that GAF units are to transfer from Sardinia to Corsica; the 90th Panzer Grenadier Division reports roads in Nuoro to the north and west being blocked by the Italians; and German detachments west and south of Dorgali being surrounded and under threat, with some being disarmed; that a German Liaison officer with the Italian 13th Corps expected little resistance from the Italians, on September 10; that the GAF in Sardinia believe the Italians are under orders to yield confiscated motor transport without resistance, on September 10; on the evacuation of German troops from Sardinia, on September 9; of German landing craft being attacked by an Italian destroyer, on September 9; that the Italian naval authorities in Bastia expected the Humanitas and Ardito to be ready to leave on September 11 and 13 respectively; of orders that German vessels attempting to blockade Corsican harbours should be sunk, on September 10; of the Italians in Corsica rendering coastal batteries unserviceable before allowing the Germans access, on September 10; of GAF sightings of Italian Naval units in the Gulf of Otranto, on September 10; of an Italian minesweeper being sunk by a German E-boat off Maria di Leuca; of German landing craft being sunk by the Scipione, on September 9; of the Italians preventing German submarines from leaving their base at Pola, on September 10; that the Pola harbour boom guarded by an Italian corvette is preventing the departure of two German E-boats, on September 10; the 1st Parachute Division reports all the ships in Bari harbour to have been sunk, on September 9; that Trieste and Spezia are firmly in German hands on September 10; a report from Piombino of three ships, probably German, being blown up on September 9; a report of the situation in Milan, on September 10, with German soldiers being fired on; of negotiations with General Ruggero for the surrender of weapons; and that no German Army formations arrived in Reggio; a day report from Army Group B for September 10, detailing that a disarming operation continued according to plan; that the 87th Army Corps reached the area of Albenga; that the 51st Mountain Corps occupied Spezia harbour; that the 2nd SS Panzer Corps Battle Groups are in front of Turin and Milan; that Pistoia was cleared up; that Merano was occupied; and that disarming is continuing in Trieste; the German Naval Command (GNC) in Italy reports that the occupation of Southern France and of Greece has been effected peacefully, on September 10; an Abwehr appreciation of the progress of the disarming operation, on September 10; the GAF report that withdrawals in Calabria are going according to plan; and that the capitulation of all the Italian Divisions in the Rome area is imminent, on September 10; the German police attach� in Rome reports on the progress of negotiations with the Italian Corps for the surrender of the city of Rome, on September 10; and a situation report for September 10, stating that withdrawal movements in Calabria are going according to plan; on South-east Europe: the German Admiral for the Aegean reports that the Italians are selling arms to the Greeks, on September 10; and the 10th Air Corps reports airfields on Rhodes to be in enemy hands or under artillery fire, on September 10.


military situation reports, Salerno landing, Operation Avalanche, operations planning, German army, counter-attacks, anti-aircraft defence, German air force, effects of bombing, railways, military dispositions, anti-Nazi resistance, collapse of Fascist Italy, surrender, Italian army, German withdrawal, evacuation, naval warfare, warships, German navy, Italian navy, blockades, ports, demolitions, coastal defence, artillery, shipping losses, aerial attacks on ships, captured settlements, disarmament, occupation arrangements, weapons trade, occupied Greece

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