Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/1337
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Africa, Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean, Middle East, South Asia
Countries Abyssinia, Algeria, Egypt, England, Germany, Gibraltar, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Libya, Morocco, Romania, Russia, Spain, Tunisia, Yugoslavia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Comando Supremo, Security Service, Government Code and Cypher School
People Hermann Göring, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Erwin Rommel, Franklin Delano Roosevelt


A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on North Africa: a day report for January 29, describing Axis rearguard positions near Zuara being attacked by Allied Battle groups from the south and south-west; that the attacks were repulsed, but the expected German reinforcements have not arrived; the 90th Light Division reports the area around Zelten is not suitable for delaying action, on January 29; a Panzer Army under Rommel report for January 30, noting that Allied attacks on the rearguard collapsed with heavy casualties; and that new rearguard positions are to be immediately to the west of Zuara; a German Air Force (GAF) report for January 30, stating that the main body of the Panzer Army is on the line from Foum Tatahouine-Medenine with their rearguard at Zuara; and that Ben Gardane airfield was given up to avoid unnecessary losses; of orders for Rommel for protection of the Right flank of the Mareth position, on January 29; of the 21 Panzer Division's intention to attack Faid Defile, with a request for GAF support, on January 30; the GAF at Gabes reports its activities on January 30, and the Army's opinion that Gafsa should not be attacked; and of the 5th Panzer Army's request for an extensive pamphlet raid on specified areas in Tunisia, on January 30; on the Mediterranean: that torpedo aircraft from Elmas were engaged in attacks on an east-bound convoy, with successes being claimed, on January 29; a German intelligence summary including an assessment of the Casablanca Conference, the situation in Tunisia and Allied convoys sailing to North Africa; on the Russian Front: a situation report for January 30, detailing Soviet advances north-east of Novorossisk; that Arkhangelsk was occupied; that German counter-attacks are making no impression in Stalingrad; that a strong Soviet attack broke through German lines; and that attacks on the German southern sector were halted; that the 4th Panzer Army is to destroy all crossings over the Sossyka, Yeya and Kavalerka rivers as it withdraws, on January 21; Naval Headlines of January 30, covering that the Italian Naval Command in Libya is to be dissolved and Admiral Giartosio recalled to Italy; from the Turkish minister in Budapest, forwarding a German view of the Hungarian military situation, on January 25; from the Turkish ambassador in Rome, on the Italian people's reaction to the North African disasters, on January 26; from the Turkish charg� in Kuibyshev, a Yugoslav report of a concentration of German troops and weapons in Nish, on January 26; following the German evacuation of Voronezh, he forecasts a major Soviet attack on the Central Front in the near future, on January 26; from the Turkish military attach� in Rome, on Italian disasters in Tripolitania and Russia, on January 26; and from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin, describing possible routes for a proposed Japanese-German air link, on January 25.


military situation reports, Desert War, British army, military operations, geographic intelligence, defence, German withdrawal, military dispositions, operations planning, aerial attacks on ships, Royal Navy, convoys, shipping losses, aerial attacks, Royal Air Force, casualties, German deployments, German strategy, propaganda leaflets, German air force, invasion of French North Africa, Operation Torch, United States Army, Battle of Stalingrad, Red Army, counter-attacks, encirclement, demolitions, Eastern Front, naval intelligence, German U-boats, warships, German navy, Italian navy, mines, diplomatic intelligence, Axis powers, public opinion, defeatism, guerrilla warfare, Nazi-occupied Europe, partisans, predicting enemy intentions, propaganda, German-Japanese relations

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