Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/1286
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Foreign Policy and International Relations
Regions Africa, Atlantic, Europe, Latin America, Mediterranean, Middle East, North America
Countries Algeria, Bulgaria, Cape Verde, Chile, Crete, England, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Great Britain, Italy, Latvia, Libya, Lithuania, Morocco, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Sicily, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, United States of America, Yugoslavia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Comando Supremo, Foreign Office, Security Service, Government Code and Cypher School
People Edward Bridges, Charles de Gaulle, Erwin Rommel, Franklin Delano Roosevelt


A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on the Russian Front: that the Commander in Chief (C-in-C) of the German Air Force (GAF) withdraws 7 bomber groups for rest and refitting, on January 4; on North Africa: that the Chief Quartermaster (QM) of the Panzer Army sets up a new supply organisation for the Panzer Army, on January 2; a German report on the south Tunisia area, for January 3; of German measures to protect the road between Tauorga and Homs against sabotage, on January 3; that the Gabes sector was reorganised and its command has been taken over by Marshal Bastico; a situation report for January 3, stating that a new British force has been identified south of Sirte; of a suggestion by de Gaulle that he and Giraud are to confer; that German units in the Tripoli area are to prepare to move to the Tunisian border, on January 3; a report by the Panzer Army under Rommel for January 3, noting quiet but that British and Indian divisions are moving up; that Rommel is to withdraw to Tarhuna-Homs, on January 3; that Rommel fears a main effort by the enemy on the southern flank, on January 3; a special report on the supply situation and the fighting strength of the Panzer Army under Rommel, on January 3; a situation report of January 1; that General Giraud claims to command 50,000 Frenchmen in Tunisia, being equipped by the Allies; reports of political agreements between de Gaulle and Giraud; and that Rommel considers the withdrawal of non-mobile elements essential, on January 3; on Crete: that the transfer of group KG26 to Heraklion has been postponed, on January 3; a German anti-aircraft report on an attack on Crete on January 2; Naval Headlines for January 3, covering Atlantic U-boats, and Axis shipping to/from North Africa; from the Chinese minister in Santiago, that Chile is to sever relations with the Axis, from December 31; from the Portuguese minister in Bucharest, on unease in the Balkans concerning Soviet military success, on December 30; from the Turkish charg� in Kuibyshev, regarding the war situation, on December 30; from the Turkish minister in Madrid, on Spanish internal affairs, on a mobilisation directed against Germany, and that Franco no longer believes in an Axis victory, on December 30; and from the Turkish ambassador in London, noting anxieties among governments in exile about the Soviet Union's desire to extend its post-war frontiers, on December 31.


military dispositions, German air force, Eastern Front, mechanical problems, military organisation, military supplies, German army, Desert War, military situation reports, invasion of French North Africa, Operation Torch, morale, Allied powers, psychology, security, sabotage, roads, military commanders, Italian army, German intelligence services, intelligence reports, British army, troop movements, German withdrawal, supply problems, military strength, politics, Free French, French army, equipment, Italian withdrawal, air warfare, air raids, naval intelligence, German U-boats, shipping losses, Battle of the Atlantic, Italian navy, shipping, diplomatic intelligence, conferences, Turkish foreign policy, Soviet strategy, Spanish armed forces, mobilisation, political intelligence, partisans

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