3719

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3719
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Europe
Countries Czechoslovakia, Germany
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Adolf Hitler

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Southern Europe: that the 10th Army is preparing to withdraw overnight on April 22/23 to a new line to permit an orderly retreat across the Po, on April 22; that the Commander in Chief (C-in-C) for the South-west considers the situation critical on April 22, and that a rallying front is being built up on the Po; of allocated ferry points across the Po north of Parma involving the 51st Mountain Corps, and the 90th Panzer Grenadier and 114th Jaeger Divisions, on April 22; and of some German troops at the Western end of the Italian Front being ordered to move north towards Parma, on April 22; on Western Europe: a detailed assessment of the combat situation by the Ground Officer Commanding (GOC) the 7th Army, on April 22, stating that the 11th Panzer Division is the elite unit of the 7th Army, that the Allies are now not intent on taking Czechoslovakia but are going for southern Germany on a wide front, and that the 7th Army is unable to implement new tactics ordered by Hitler because of the unreliability of many combat units and fuel and ammunition shortages; the C-in-C West reports desperate shortages of fuel and ammunition, on April 21, the unexpected loss of a fuel depot at Neuburg on the Danube, and expenditure details for the 1st, 7th and 19th Armies; on Army Group G's intentions from the evening of April 22, including detailed instructions for the 1st and 7th Armies; and a very pessimistic assessment of the morale and fighting ability of the 64th Corps of the 19th Army, noting no will to fight, that the current replacements are worse than useless, and that the civilian population is exercising a disintegrating influence on the troops, on April 18.

Keywords

military situation reports, German withdrawal, Italian Campaign, troop movements, Allied strategy, predicting enemy intentions, military dispositions, German army, military discipline, military shortages, fuel, defence, encirclement, German morale, psychology, casualties

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