3713

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3713
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Foreign Policy and International Relations, Propaganda, Censorship and Psychological Warfare
Regions Africa, Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean, South Asia
Countries Burma, China, French Indochina, Germany, Great Britain, Guinea, Holland, India, Indochina, Italy, Japan, Mongolia, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Spain
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Chiefs of Staff, Security Service, Government Code and Cypher School
People Edward Bridges, Hermann Göring, Adolf Hitler, Albert Kesselring, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Josef Stalin

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Western Europe: of the 25th Army's intentions to flood the Wieringermeer Polder at the western end of the dam and defend the resulting peninsula, on April 18; of the Commander in Chief (C-in-C) West's orders for defending the Elbe in the Leipzig area, on April 20; of the C-in-C of the Netherlands being informed of Hitler's order to disarm foreign units once any sign of waivering loyalty was noted, on April 18; of the C-in-C West's battle plans for the Stuttgart area, on April 20; the Ground Officer Commanding (GOC) the 19th Army in the Stuttgart area reports only 2 days' stocks of fuel and ammunition are remaining, on April 20; battle reports from the Western Front for April 18, stating that Kesselring expected the 11th Army to make a defensive stand on the Brocken; that the 326th Volks Grenadier and 5th Parachute Divisions suffer heavy losses in the Harz pocket; and that civilians in Chemnitz turn on German troops; of the Russians employing 7 infantry armies and 2 guards tank armies in an offensive against Berlin, on April 17; that SS HQ orders all Jewish prisoners in the concentration camp at Main to be transferred at all costs to the camp at Dachau, on April 16; and that Flossenbuerg concentration camp had fallen into Allied hands and the Allies had armed and turned Jewish inmates at other captured camps on the local German population; on Southern Europe: battle reports from German units in Italy, for April 19/20, noting the Allies are bringing up reinforcements south-east of Ferrara; and that an Allied tank penetration threatens to cut the Via Emilia west of Bologna; and of a general strike in Turin on April 18, with rebels expected to attack the city; Naval Headlines; from the Japanese minister in Madrid, following the severance of diplomatic relations with Spain, his personal views on the future progress of the war, and he urges conciliation with the Soviet Union and a fight to the finish against the Western Allies, on April 12; passing on information from Germany, that Spain ends all flights between Germany and Spain, on April 16; and that all German funds have been frozen in Spain, on April 17; from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin, describing German protests against the Japanese show of sympathy following the death of President Roosevelt, on April 16; on the Russian offensive against Berlin, the situation on the Western Front, that the German leadership remains in Berlin, and that the German ambassador Papen was captured by the Allies in Westphalia, on April 16; and from the Spanish minister in Ankara, relaying information from an authoritative source, on Soviet internal politics, on April 9.

Keywords

defence, occupied Netherlands, flooding, military dispositions, German army, disarmament, Soviet renegades, German strategy, Western Front, counter-attacks, military shortages, fuel, casualties, civil unrest, assessing enemy strength, Red Army, Battle of Berlin, military situation reports, Italian Campaign, Allied powers, breakthroughs, tanks, anti-Nazi resistance, occupied Italy, evacuation, concentration camps, naval intelligence, German U-boats, naval operations, warships, German navy, naval bombardment, Royal Navy, naval bases, mines, Pacific War, diplomatic intelligence, Spanish foreign policy, German propaganda, military intelligence, German-Spanish relations

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