3675

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3675
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Europe
Countries Germany, Holland, Netherlands
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Adolf Hitler

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Western Europe: that the Commander in Chief (C-in-C) West decides that the mountains north-west of Gotha and the Thueringer Forest offer the best terrain for resisting the Allied advance, on April 4, and disputes the idea of a new main defence line on the Saale; of an order from Hitler of April 2, that the Allies must be stopped from operating as if all German resistance had already collapsed, and the C-in-C West must get his wobbling fronts to hold and replace every commander who fails to stand firm; that the strength returns for the 6th Parachute Division, on the Dutch frontier, north-east of Arnhem, were down to below 3,000 by April 3; that Army Group B is unable to close the gaps in the front in east Holland; that attempts are to be made during the night of April 4/5 to cut the Allied route of advance by thrusting into the flank and crippling the armoured spear heads; that Hitler orders the defences of the Weser to be strengthened with all available resources, on April 5; that the 2nd Naval Division is to be employed to reinforce the Weser defences north-west of Hanover as it is unsuitable for employment in the main battle area, on April 5; that the 11th Army, in the Kassel area, is to be resubordinated to the C-in-C West, on April 3; the 11th SS Panzer Army reports late on April 4 that the water supply in Kassel had failed and requested permission for the garrison of some 200 men to break out; and that the supply situation is critical for Army Group B, on March 31, with there being fuel and ammunition stocks for only about 10 days; and on Southern Europe: that the 90th Panzer Grenadier Division is moving from the 1st Parachute Corps' Adriatic sector, to the 51st Corps', south-west of Bologna, on April 3.

Keywords

geographic intelligence, German army, military dispositions, defence, Western Front, German strategy, German withdrawal, military strength, manpower, German airborne troops, military situation reports, operations planning, counter-attacks, Nazi leadership, military organisation, troop movements, water supplies, supply problems, military shortages, fuel, military objectives

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