3655

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3655
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Foreign Policy and International Relations, Propaganda, Censorship and Psychological Warfare
Regions Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean, Middle East, North America
Countries Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Egypt, England, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Holland, Iran, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Philippines, Romania, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United States of America, Yugoslavia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Foreign Office, Security Service, United Nations, Government Code and Cypher School
People Edward Bridges, Charles de Gaulle, Adolf Hitler, Desmond Morton

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file contains a message from C to the Prime Minister (PM); and the following reports on Western Europe: that the Allies thrust two assault wedges through defensive front positions that were under construction and reached Hoepfingen, Schlierstadt and Waldhausen; strengths returns from the 2nd Parachute Corps for March 30, noting its artillery ammunition is almost exhausted and replacements are unlikely because of the fuel shortage, and that there is no prospect for success of a counter attack to the south-east; on the construction of blocking lines south-west and south-east of Paderborn, on March 30; a report for March 28, stating that the Allies broke through the front of the 86th Corps, achieving deep penetration in the area of the 47th Panzer Corps, that the fighting strength of all German formations is low, that the Allies are able to break through wherever their efforts are concentrated, and that there are no battle-worthy reserves except for four battalions being brought up; that the 361st Volks Grenadier Division is largely without weapons; that the 3rd Parachute Division was cut to pieces under Lieutenant General Schimpf and captured, with all its battalion commanders wounded, killed or missing; of an urgent request from Army Corps ZBV for the release of its own repaired transport in view of a special task, on March 31; and that the 10th and 11th Parachute Divisions are to be set up in the Wiener-Neustadt-Graz area; Naval Headlines, covering that Naval Special Operations Unit 60 is to move from Wilhelmsruh to the Hamelin area; the Allied convoy RA 65 from the Soviet Union to the U.K. not being sighted by an attacking force of Ju88 and Ju188 aircraft; and that German agents are to be carried from Pola to the east coast of Italy, south of Cattolica, near Castel di Mezzo; from the Chinese charg?n Berne, on Hitler's conference in Berchtesgaden, and a conflict of opinion on the treatment of military and civilian prisoners between Hitler and Himmler, on March 28; from the French delegate in Stockholm, noting the expectation of the fall of Germany, on March 28; a German political intelligence summary, from March 23; propaganda directives, for March 24; from the Spanish Legation in Ankara, on the U.K.-Soviet rivalry in the Near East, on March 27; and from the Turkish ambassador in Paris, relaying French views on the post-war world, on March 31.

Keywords

Allied powers, troop movements, Western Front, military operations, manpower reductions, military shortages, German army, tactics, military organisation, defence, military strength, military situation reports, casualties, equipment, transportation, secret weapons, missiles, German deployments, German airborne troops, naval intelligence, aerial attacks on ships, Arctic convoys, German U-boats, demolitions, naval bases, naval operations, torpedo boats, Pacific War, deception, diplomatic intelligence, Nazi leadership, conferences, Swedish neutrality, German propaganda, press reports, Anglo-Turkish relations, French foreign policy

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