3653

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3653
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Europe
Countries Denmark, England, Holland, Netherlands
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Adolf Hitler

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Western Europe: that the Allied advance north-eastwards is to be held west of the Dortmund-Ems Canal by the remnants of the 86th Corps on orders from Jodl; that as many forces as possible are to be withdrawn from West Holland to maintain contact between the 1st Parachute Army and the Rhine Front; and that flooding between Zwolle and Arnhem is to begin; of a proposal for the withdrawal of the garrison of the islands of Schouwen and Goeree to strengthen the defence garrison in the Hook of Holland; an intelligence report from an agent of proven worth indicates a landing by the English 1st Airborne Division in Heligoland Bight in the Emden area, and a possibility of the French 1st Army crossing the Rhine from the Strasbourg area; of the 15th Army HQ being encircled north-north-west of Giessen, and of further Allied progress in that area; of Army Group G's intentions for March 31, including that a blocking front is to be constructed in an area east of Giessen and Frankfurt; that Model orders the area of Siegen to be held without fail, and that a blocking line capable of standing firm against an offensive is to be constructed from Siegen via Laasphe to the Eder Dam; of SS Obergruppenfuehrer Haussar, Commander in Chief (CinC) of Army Group G, being informed by Kesselring of Hitler's order for an operation by Army Group B requiring firm and certain possession of an area between Alsberg and Main by Army Group G; and of the 17th SS Panzer Grenadier Division being transferred to an area east of Mannheim; on Eastern Europe: that a German attack to re-establish contact with Kuestrin was held by strong anti-tank strong points in Gorgast, Wilhelminenhof and Gemschmar; that the bridgehead at Zehden was not held against superior forces; on aviation fuel stocks in East and West Prussia; and of Hitler's orders for neutralising and demolishing all sea ports in the Baltic.

Keywords

German strategy, defence, Western Front, German withdrawal, occupied Netherlands, evacuation, predicting enemy intentions, Allied strategy, encirclement, German army, military commanders, military objectives, troop movements, counter-attacks, military shortages, fuel, German air force, Eastern Front, demolitions, ports

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