3311

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3311
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Weapons Technology and Nuclear Warfare
Regions Europe, Mediterranean, North America
Countries Albania, Bulgaria, Crete, England, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Holland, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Soviet Union, United States of America, Yugoslavia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Foreign Office, Security Service, Government Code and Cypher School
People Josef Stalin

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Western Europe: that the 1st Army is expecting an Allied attack north of Thionville; the 13th SS Corps reports on Allied artillery in preparation for an attack opposite the 17th SS Panzer Division and the 48th Infantry Division; that the 361st and 553rd Volks Grenadier Divisions are under fire in the 89th Corps' sector; of an order from von Runstedt forbidding negotiations with the Allies, with the troops to be informed that the relations of deserters are to bear responsibility; and of a query regarding the suitability of airfields at Twente and Deelen for the operation of Me 163 aircraft; on Germany: of air raids on Dusseldorf, Solingen and Saarguemines; on South and South-east Europe: of the main defence line in Italy being taken back to a prepared winter position from Breil-Ventimiglia; of the result of an anti-guerrilla week from October 8-19; of the Greek island of Piskopi being cleared of Greek troops; of fighting continuing on Milos; that following the evacuation of Salonika the bulk of the German troops are crossing the Greek-Macedonian border to the north; of intended withdrawal routes for Army Group E being opened up in northern Montenegro; of Bulgar attacks aimed at blocking the road and rail routes between Skoplje and Mitrovica, being repulsed; of Soviet attacks in the Kraljevo-Cacak area to close the German withdrawal route, on November 6; a German naval report of the men, weapons and vehicles evacuated from the Aegean islands between August 23 and October 27; from the Chinese chargé in Berne, describing U.K.-Soviet plans for post-war Europe, on November 3; from the Apostolic Delegate in London, on the Polish frontiers and the incorporation of the Baltic States into the Soviet Union, on November 2; and from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin, forwarding German views on the Moscow talks and the Pan-Arab Conference, on November 2.

Keywords

Western Front, predicting enemy intentions, Allied strategy, German army, military discipline, armistice, deserters, German air force, aircraft, rockets, airfields, occupied Netherlands, military dispositions, effects of bombing, air raids, Home Front, Italian Campaign, German withdrawal, defence, guerrilla warfare, anti-Nazi resistance, occupied Italy, occupied Greece, Eastern Front, military operations, Red Army, German propaganda, evacuation, casualties, shipping losses, equipment, diplomatic intelligence, Allied powers, post-war planning, territorial concessions, Polish government

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