3179

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3179
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Europe
Countries Finland, France, Italy
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Not Defined

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on France: that the Germans are to attack Trun with three battalions with tank support, on August 19; of an urgent need for a fuel drop; that the 47th Panzer Corps is to be supplied by air in the area south east of Trun; that the 10th SS Panzer Division is to be supplied north west of Argentan; that the 2nd SS Panzer Corps intend a decisive attack early on August 20 in the Trun-Vimoutiers area; that the 12th SS Panzer Division is west-north-west of Trun; Allied tanks were reported to be 25 miles west of Paris, during the middle of August 19; that the Commander in Chief (CinC) in France ordered the city of Paris to be defended at a blocking position to which all available forces are to be brought, with the main effort on the west and south-west front; that the 17th SS Panzer Grenadiers, the Panzer Lehr and the 352nd Infantry Divisions are to be subordinated to the 1st Army; that the Battle Group of the 17th SS Panzer Grenadier Division move to an area west of Fontainebleau; of the identification of four SS Panzer Grenadier Divisions in western France, the 26th, 27th, 29th and 30th; that the Ground Officer Commanding (GOC) the Army in South France was ordered to collect forces west of the line from Vierzon-Clermont Ferrand-Montpellier and bring them to the north-east, on August 17; of confusion over holding Bordeaux; of proposals for the employment of 9,000 German Air Force (GAF) signals training personnel for development of the Somme-Marne-Saone position, on August 18; of the 3rd Air Fleet's orders for use of Flak units mainly for air defence, and their use in an anti-tank role in certain circumstances only; that the Supreme Commander of the GAF orders fortresses and the defence area in the west to hold out to the last man, with the GAF to support the army's withdrawal over the Seine; Allied tanks were reported in Brignoles, on August 18, with Cannes still in German hands; and that railway artillery is to cooperate with the 242nd Division near Brignoles and the 244th Division near Marseilles.

Keywords

German army, Western Front, operations planning, counter-attacks, tanks, military shortages, fuel, Allied powers, breakthroughs, military dispositions, defence, troop movements, manpower reductions, German air force, captured settlements, shipping losses, German navy, warships

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