3174

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3174
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean
Countries Burma, Formosa, France, Germany, Norway, Philippines, Siam, Singapore
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Karl Dönitz, Adolf Hitler, Joachim von Ribbentrop

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on France: of the Commander in Chief (CinC) West being empowered by Hitler to put in defence all available fighter forces and war material of all branches of the Armed Forces, the Waffen SS, and Party and Civil authorities between the Seine and the Loire, on August 8; of the CinC West's orders following the 47 Corps' failure including bringing up the 1st Army and 81st Corps, the 6th Parachute Division, the 338th Division and any forces available from the 1st Parachute Army, on August 9; that 250 recruits with 10 days' battle training are to be sent to the 2nd Parachute Corps; of orders from Army Group B for Panzer Group Eberbach for the dispersal and deployment of tanks, assault guns, anti-tank guns and assault tanks by the 5th Panzer Army; the 81st Army Corps report the 116th Panzer Division was badly mauled; a report from Chartres, of Brou being occupied by the Allies, on August 14; that a Panzer Group north west of Alencon is hard pressed, noting a decline in its fighting strength and ammunition; the 21st Panzer Division report the withdrawal of the main defence line, on August 15; the 1st SS Panzer Division report Ecouche is in Allied hands; that the 1st SS Panzer Corps has withdrawn to a line covering Falaise; that the 2nd SS Panzer Corps has withdrawn to a line westwards from Condé sur Noireau; that from August 15 only the 2nd Panzer Division and the 1st SS Panzer Division are subordinated to the 47th Panzer Corps, with the 9th Panzer Division subordinated to the 1st SS Panzer Division, the 708th Infantry Division remaining with the 7th Army, and the Panzer Lehr and 116th Panzer Divisions under the command of Panzer Group Eberbach; the Ground Officer Commanding (GOC) the 3rd Flak Corps for the CinC, reports the situation on both sides of Falaise is extremely serious, with the troops weakened and not far from collapse, and requests ammunition, on August 15; a situation report for late on August 15, describing heavy fighting for Chartres, that the first attack was repulsed, but that the Allies are bringing up more forces; a German Air Force (GAF) report from Normandy, noting the withdrawal of the line in the area of Falaise to Domfront, that the Allies are attempting encirclement of the main body of the German forces, and advancing with two armoured divisions against the Chartres-Dreux line; that Director General Weiss of the Einsatzgruppe West Organisation Todt was authorised by the Military Commander for France to take all possible measures within the limits of the law necessary for the rapid provision of manpower for development of the Somme-Marne-Saone-Jura positions, on August 13; that Organisation Todt was asked by the Military Commander for France to provide a military escort for a move of the former French Labour Service from the construction of Mediterranean fortifications to a new area of employment; that the CinC West (Army Group D) warns of a probable Allied intention of landings near and to the west of Marseilles, with forces withdrawn from the Marseilles landfront to be replaced again; and of the 19th Army questioning the possibility of bringing tanks across the Rhone because of the destruction of bridges; Naval Headlines, covering that U-boats operating in the Atlantic and the Channel are to go to Norway instead of returning to Western France; that the demolition and blocking of Nantes are reported to have been completed as planned; of violent attacks by terrorists in the Brest area, on August 14, with counter-measures in progress; that all foreign crews of ships, ferries and tugs in St Nazaire have been replaced by Germans, on August 15; Allied landings being reported at Issambres and Fréjus since August 15; that the island of Port Cros is reported to be in Allied hands; that a bridgehead has been established at St Raphael and from St Tropez to Le Lavandou; demolitions at Nice and Cannes, with a decision requested regarding the sinking of blockships and hospital ships in Marseilles harbour; an intention to operate German and Italian Motoscafo armato silurante (MAS) boats against the Allied landing fleet; and that the Japanese Chief of Staff of the Combined Fleets requests arrangements for the transfer of fuel from Singapore to Manila; and from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin, on German munitions production, as at August 16.

Keywords

German air force, German strategy, anti-aircraft defence, Western Front, operations planning, counter-attacks, training, personnel, German airborne troops, transportation, tanks, military organisation, German army, casualties, captured settlements, Allied powers, military strength, naval intelligence, German U-boats, Battle of the Atlantic, aerial attacks on ships, Royal Air Force, German navy, Operation Dragoon, landing places, demolitions, ports, Japanese strategy, fuel, minesweeping, German war effort, weapons production, industry, economic substitutes

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