3173

File Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3173
Date 15 August 1944
Government Department Government Code and Cypher School
File Accession Date 1993

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on France: that the 1st SS Panzer Corps is under Allied attack along the whole sector, and that the outpost line has been taken back; that the 276th Infantry Division is to withdraw as a result of Allied penetration of its right neighbour; 200 Allied tanks are reported to be moving southwards east of the Caen-Falaise road; a ground situation report for August 14, noting that the German line was withdrawn on a broad front, and that a defensive front is to be built up in the area south and west of Chartres-Vernueil-Laigle; that the 2nd Panzer Division has withdrawn to the area around Carrouges amid confusion and casualties caused by Allied fighter-bomber attacks; that the 3rd Air Fleet considered the possibility of isolated Allied armoured vehicles thrusting over the line from Laigle-Argentan, on August 13; that the 47th Corps has built up a covering line from south west of Carrouges to west of Argentan, on August 14; the 25th Army Corps report the repulse of an Allied tank attack north of Brest; that the 344th Infantry Division and the 17th German Air Force (GAF) Field Division are to concentrate between the Caen front and the Seine as the Army Group reserve; that the 158th Reserve Division has been renamed the 16th Infantry Division, and that the 157th, 182nd and 189th Reserve Divisions have been transferred from Himmler's command to the Field Army; of the 7th Army being given the task by Hitler's order to maintain the assembly area, and later to thrust to the coast, on August 12; that the 7th Army requested agreement to withdraw the front of the 7th Army and the left wing of the 5th Panzer Army under the protection of Panzer Group Eberbach to the line from Falaise-Argentan and for the 2nd SS Corps to attack east of Argentan to the south, with fuel and ammunition being the decisive factor, on August 14; of a further request from the 7th Army for control of Panzer Group Eberbach, the 2nd SS Corps and the 74th Corps, and to withdraw to the line from Vassy-Tinchebray-Beauchene; that the Field Marshal was informed by Eberbach of the impossibility of an attack until fuel and ammunition have been replenished; of a request from the 7th Army to withdraw its right wing to provide a strong force to defend Flers, with the left wing being withdrawn north-east of Domfront to enable the withdrawal of the 10th SS Panzer Division from the line; of Eberbach's orders for the 47th Panzer Corps to thrust deep into the Allies' flank from the Vieux Pont area to the Orne bridges, with the 116th Panzer Division to join the attack from the right wing, and the 2nd SS Panzer Division to thrust north of Argentan into the flank of the Allies advancing on Trun; of the 86th Corps reporting a withdrawal on the front east and south-east of Caen, which they claim knocked out 96 tanks; that the 352nd Division, due for rest and re-equipment, is operating on the left of the 6th Parachute Division in the Mortagne sector; that the German Air Force (GAF) are expecting an attack on a broad front against Falaise, with reconnaissance suggesting the Allies are attempting to reach the Seine via Verneuil; that the 275th Division is to be withdrawn to the battle area of the 15th Army in Belgium-North France for a rest and re-fit, on August 12; that the 3rd Parachute Division has suffered up to 70% losses in personnel in its Jaeger Regiments, on August 12; of a call-up of the age classes 1884 to 1888 in Germany; of the demolition of a large lock and a stretch of mole and other installations at St Malo; that 270 men at Cap Frehal are cut off from land with two days' food and water, on August 13; that two U-boats returning to Bordeaux were ordered to Trondheim; and of authorization for the demolition of Lezardieux harbour; that a U-boat is to be fitted with a special flak conning tower for the protection of army supply traffic to Finland; on the Far East: that the Japanese plan further mine-laying operations in the Philippines area, the Straits of Balabac, at Surigao and San Bernardino and in the Sulu Archipelago; Naval Headlines, covering a directive on the surrender of coastal fortifications outside the fortress area, on August 8; and that Group West anticipated Allied landings on the south coast of France based on the transfer of landing craft to Corsica and embarkation preparations of the U.S. 7th Army in Naples; on South Europe: that a landing attempt near Bormes is claimed to have been repulsed; and of a second degree of readiness in the Genoa area, on August 14; that an Allied landing fleet is leaving Corsica, its target unknown, giving a warning of a possible paratroop and air landing operation, with all units to maintain the highest degree of alertness and defence readiness; that the destruction and fouling of Nice and Cannes harbours has been ordered, on August 15; the Parenzo harbour authorities report an air raid on the harbour, and that a bauxite ship was hit and beached; of air raids on Genoa, on August 13 and 14; that minor landing operations on the Riviera coast were beaten off on August 14-15; that Nice and Cannes harbours have been demolished; and freight gliders were reported at Draguignan.

Document Title Date
i Front Cover 15 August 1944 Download PDF (342 KB)
1st Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence 15 August 1944 Download PDF (3.80 MB)
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