3171

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3171
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Africa, Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean, North America, Pacific, South Asia
Countries Australia, Belgium, Corsica, Formosa, France, Great Britain, Guinea, India, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, United States of America
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Karl Dönitz, Dwight Eisenhower, Adolf Hitler

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on France: the 84th Corps reported a strained fuel situation, with supply journeys and evacuation of the wounded being reduced, and that the left wing of its main defence line has been withdrawn south of Vire; that the 47th Corps' supply situation is critical, and that it is moving to an area south west of Argentan; that the Allies have broken through south east of Aunay, and the 276th Division orders it is to hold everywhere; of the 66th Army Corps being withdrawn from Clermont-Ferrand; on the Commander in Chief (CinC) West's anticipation of an Allied intention to envelop the 5th Panzer Army and the 7th Army by a northward thrust from the Le Mans area and a southward thrust to Falaise, and that a reinforced Parachute Regiment is being brought up to the south flank; that German Air Force (GAF) fighters in France were informed the Army is shifting its main defence effort to the area north of Le Mans; that the 3rd Air Corps anticipated a large-scale guerrilla operation in the south of France; that a strike of rail and industrial workers in Paris was broken by German counter measures; that the 116th Panzer Division is on the move towards Alencon, on August 12; on the line of the Panzer Lehr Division running from Villaine to Cond�, with its right neighbour the 708th Infantry Division, and its left neighbour the 9th Panzer; of the CinC West's orders for the boundaries for the 5th Panzer Army, the 7th Army and the 1st Army; of the ration strengths of the 2nd Panzer Division and the 116th Panzer Division, as at August 11; that an Allied penetration in the area of the 363rd Infantry Division was countered by the last Corps reserves; that five battalions are needed for the protection of survey and development work by the Military Commander for South France; that a conference between Nazi Political Commissars and the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) Nazi Directing Staff is to take place on August 23-25; that Doenitz ordered a 1200-ton U-boat to be used to supply St Malo, on August 12; of a proposal for a U-boat repair base to be set up in Boulogne; of Jodl's orders for using local produce and the ruthless reduction of the rations of the native population to prevent the starving out of islands and fortresses, on August 8; of Hitler's order for the 11th Panzer Division to remain as a mobile reserve with the 19th Army, on August 11; that the Panzer Division Lehr and the 352nd Infantry Division are to be pulled out of the 7th Army's area into the 15th Army's area for a rest and refit; of the 2nd SS Panzer Corps withdrawing to a new main defence line; on the front lines of the 2nd Parachute, the 2nd Panzer Division and the 58th Panzer Corps; of a withdrawal from Mortain to free Panzer forces for an intended thrust against the U.S. 15th Corps, noting that Allied paratroops are expected to be dropped in the Mamers area on August 11-12; and an assessment of the situation for the period from July 31 to August 6 by the CinC West; on the Mediterranean: that the 3rd S. Flotilla is to be transferred from the Adriatic to the Aegean; of the 6th Defence flotilla, on the French Mediterranean coast, being put on the second degree of readiness, for August 12-13; that the 2nd Air Fleet estimate the shipping in Ajaccio harbour is sufficient for one division, and anticipate a landing in the near future; that the 3rd Air Fleet anticipate a landing operation from the Corsica area, with the direction of attack uncertain but air raids on the Rhone Valley and the coast between Nice and Rhone have been noted; that the 149th Flak Regiment expect an Allied landing on South France or the Ligurian coast, on August 12-13 or 13-14 with a probable diversionary landing on the Adriatic coast; and that the first degree of alarm has been ordered for the whole west coast by the CinC for the South West; on the Far East: of Japanese concern over increased shipping losses to Allied submarines, including orders for an increase in ships' look-outs and more active anti-submarine measures; wireless intelligence indicating a large Allied force is concentrating at Saipan, in anticipation of an attack on the Philippines, hence all Japanese warships in the north eastern area of the Philippines have been ordered to proceed direct to the west; Naval Headlines, covering an Allied attack on St Malo following a bomb attack being repelled on August 12; that a hospital ship succeeded in evacuating 120 wounded from Lunaire Bay, near Dinard; that camps of terrorists are reported as being formed on both sides of Lezardrieux; a Japanese estimate of the Allied naval forces in the Indian Ocean and in the Australia area; and a total of the aircraft and Army strength in India, Australia, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands and in New Zealand, from May 17.

Keywords

military situation reports, German army, Western Front, German withdrawal, military shortages, fuel, German strategy, defence, troop movements, military dispositions, anti-Nazi resistance, guerrilla warfare, occupied France, requisitions, food supplies, predicting enemy intentions, invasion threat, invasion preparations, landing craft, military organisation, landing places, Allied strategy

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