3003

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/3003
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Weapons Technology and Nuclear Warfare
Regions Africa, Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean
Countries Croatia, England, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, Philippines, Trinidad
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Abwehr, Security Service, Government Code and Cypher School
People Edward Bridges, Adolf Hitler, Erwin Rommel

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file contains a message from C to the Prime Minister (PM); and the following reports on France: von Schlieben in Cherbourg reports his troops are exhausted and in need of encouragement, that he is still hoping for a German Air Force (GAF) operation, that his artillery batteries are either out of ammunition or destroyed, that he expects the town to fall shortly since the Allies had penetrated the periphery, that 2,000 Germans are wounded, and he queries the necessity for annihilation of the remaining troops, on June 26; that the operational orders of the 3rd Air Fleet for June 25 include instructions for all fighter aircraft within range to be deployed against air and ground targets in the Cherbourg area, with the 2nd Fighter Corps to be reinforced by units from the 1st Fighter Corps (from Germany); the 1st SS Panzer Corps reports personnel losses as percentages, noting the Panzer Lehr Division has lost 15.3%, and the 21st Panzer Division has lost 16.7%; from the Japanese consul-general in Vienna, an appraisal of the war institution together with an assessment of German aircraft production, and noting that the Germans have postponed the production of a rocket weapon (A4), in favour of fighter production, on June 15; and an assessment of this by the Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) at the PM's request, on June 24; a 12th SS Panzer Division report of an Allied penetration on the left boundary, south east of Tilly sur Seulles, on June 25; that the Order of Battle of the 86th Corps (in the Seine-Orne sector) includes the 711th Infantry Division, the 346th Infantry Division and Battle Group Luck, with the 16th GAF Field Division to join them, on June 25; and that the 2nd SS Panzer Division, formerly the 7th Army Reserve, is now designated the Army H Group Reserve, from June 22; on Italy: the 42nd Jaeger Division reports traffic on the coast railway has been halted because of an unexploded bomb in Pietra Ligure, on June 23; Naval Headlines, covering that the crews of five 500-ton U-boats in Biscay ports are to be withdrawn to Germany with all officers to man new XXI boats; that the U-boat flotilla at La Pallice was ordered to economise on the use of fuel for lighting and cooking; that U530, presumably fitted with a schnorkel, was ordered to steer for Trinidad; that the cruiser Bolzano, intended as a blockship for Leghorn, was sunk by a 2-man submarine; a report of the Japanese Fleet making an escape following an abortive attempt to interfere with landings by U.S. troops on Saipan; and Japanese shipping losses during May; from the Bulgarian minister in Berlin, describing local German reactions to reports of the flying bomb offensive against the U.K., on June 25; a German intelligence (Abwehr) report from Madrid that the Vatican had protested against the Allied military use of Rome, on June 24; German intelligence reports from Lisbon on British reactions to the flying bomb, on June 23; and German intelligence signals to Tirana relating to unconfirmed reports of 2,000 Communists being north of Pristina, and to budget.

Keywords

military situation reports, Battle of Normandy, Operation Overlord, defence, ports, German army, wounded, German strategy, German air force, aerial attacks, strafing, casualties, tanks, United States Army, breakthroughs, military organisation, military dispositions, effects of bombing, railways, unexploded bomb, naval intelligence, German U-boats, personnel, psychology, supply problems, naval operations, convoys, warships, Japanese navy, Pacific War, shipping losses, diplomatic intelligence, German morale, public opinion, secret weapons, missiles, press reports, informants, German war effort, weapons production, aircraft

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