2999

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/2999
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Europe
Countries Germany, Italy, Russia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Not Defined

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file contains a message from C to the Prime Minister (PM); and the following reports on France: the Battle Group Schlieben reports numerous batteries have been crushed or are out of ammunition and estimates Cherbourg is unlikely to survive an attack, on June 25; the Sea Defence Commandant for Normandy reports an extremely grave situation, that the infantry are no longer holding, and the Allies are at the gates of Cherbourg, on June 24; Battle Group Schlieben reports the Allies attacking strongly from the south and south-west at the edge of Octeville, with the steadiness of the troops sinking due to losses of officers, casualties and the battle strain, so that unity of command is no longer possible to the full extent, on June 24; the 7th Army announces Berlin's decision for the cancellation of reinforcements for Cherbourg, and that all forces are to defend the harbour and fortress to the last in order to tie down the strong forces of the Allies and deny them use of the harbour for as long as possible, on June 23; of German Air Force (GAF) operations against Allied airfields in the Caen sector being postponed in response to a request from the 7th Army for support on the Cherbourg front, on June 25; the Sea Defence Commandant reports on coastal batteries on the north front, and comments that the Allied forces are cowardly, and that the German troops are suffering from pill-box mindedness, on June 24; and of an Allied air raid on Saintes station, on June 24; on Italy: battle reports for June 24, covering an Allied penetration near Lake Trasimene, and bitter close combat fighting with high losses on both sides; a 90th Panzer Grenadier Division report for June 24, that it is withdrawing laboriously in the area south of Siena, and will be without fuel on completion of the withdrawal; a report from the Commander in Chief (CinC) for the South West for June 21, that the 14th Army has occupied the Innocent Line, and on the 10th Army's Order of Battle, and the land transport situation, which stretches the replacements required, 1952 and 2000 respectively, on June 22; a report of June 21 of a railway line being open, and the air and sea situations; and on the men and weapons of the 42nd Jaeger Division - that with a poor state of training, and a lack of transport, the Division is conditionally ready for defence, from June 20.

Keywords

military situation reports, Battle of Normandy, Operation Overlord, military objectives, ports, military strength, German army, German strategy, German air force, aerial attacks, captured equipment, artillery, tactics, United States Army, psychology, German morale, effects of bombing, railways, Allied powers, breakthroughs, Italian Campaign, military shortages, fuel, troop movements, transportation

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