Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/2843
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean
Countries England, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Norway, Sweden
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School, Security Service
People Edward Bridges, Adolf Hitler, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Josef Stalin


A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Southern Europe: battle reports from the Italian Front for May 26, noting that the Allies continue to advance; that the 362nd Division is to withdraw late on May 26; 6 more battle reports from the Italian Front reflecting further German withdrawals in the face of strong Allied pressure, on May 26; of the withdrawal details for 5 German units on the Italian Front during the night of March 25/26; the 362nd Division reports deep Allied penetrations to the south-eastern edge of the Alban Hills, on May 25; of considerable damage being caused during Allied air raids against various targets in Italy, on May 25; and of the results of Allied air attacks against an airfield at Bihaac in Yugoslavia, on May 25; on Western Europe: the Commander in Chief (C-in-C) West requests additional signals personnel in view of the increased depth of defences in the west and damage to communications caused by Allied air raids, on May 17; and that the C-in-C West asks Berlin for the release of 125 prisoners of war suitable to become instructors in the locomotive repair service as the locomotive situation is very serious because of persistent Allied air attacks, on May 10. This file also includes the following reports on the German Air Force (GAF) HQ in Berlin's general instructions: of an order of May 25 reflecting the general shortage of aircraft mechanics and trawling for suitable new recruits for training; and that all GAF personnel are to do 12 hours a week overtime to prepare auxiliary airfields that are required for subsequent unit dispersals in the face of increasing Allied air attacks on permanent GAF airfields, from May 25. This file also includes the following correspondence from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin: that he attended a reception given by Schmidt, the head of the German Press Bureau and who had the personal confidence of both Hitler and Ribbentrop; giving a summary of Goebbels' propaganda policy; describing the policy on the Jews who were the nations' internal parasites and as such would be relentlessly eliminated by Germany; that apart from the Jews, irrespective of race or people, all should be afforded the blessings of life; giving views on where the second front would start, and that with Churchill at the helm, who had forced the operations in Gallipoli, the Germans could not rule out a similar reckless venture such as a second front starting in Sweden; and that Soviet pressure to participate in the invasion of Norway had been resisted by the U.K. but agreed to by Roosevelt, on May 20.


military situation reports, Italian Campaign, Battle of Anzio, Allied powers, breakthroughs, German withdrawal, military dispositions, German strategy, defence, fortifications, anti-tank guns, effects of bombing, air raids, communications disruption, occupied France, bombing, invasion preparations, mechanical problems, railways, prisoners of war, forced labour, military shortages, personnel, air raid precautions, diplomatic intelligence, Allied strategy, German foreign policy

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