Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/2641
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean, Middle East
Countries England, Germany, Great Britain, Holland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Turkey, Yugoslavia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Foreign Office, Security Service, Government Code and Cypher School
People Edward Bridges, Benito Mussolini, Franklin Delano Roosevelt


A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Southern Europe: combat reports from the 715th Infantry Division and the 1st Parachute Division, for March 18, noting the Allies are attacking Cassino with very superior forces supplemented by reinforcements; and of the ration strength as at March 10 for the area of the Commander in Chief (C-in-C) for the South-west, totalling some 781,000 men and 78,000 horses; on the Russian Front: a German Air Force (GAF) report for March 18, stating that Russian forces continue to advance; of the GAF reconnaissance results for March 18 over all areas of the front, describing large concentrations of Soviet forces in a number of areas; of GAF reconnaissance results for March 17 over the Southern Front, detailing Soviet forces advancing on Nikolaev; that the Germans are to take over responsibility for all railways in Transnistria/U.K.raine from the Romanian state railways although manning problems will delay the operation, on March 15; on partisan operations in Yugoslavia, on March 18, including Allied air supply drops, and the partial closure of the Mostar - Sarajevo rail link; and Naval Headlines. This file also includes the following correspondence: from the Japanese minister in Madrid, regarding ongoing negotiations between Spain and the Allies on the oil embargo, on March 15; regarding Spanish exports of wolfram to Germany and the Allies; pressure on Spain to stop giving facilities to Axis espionage; Allied demands to close the German Legation in Tangier; Allied pressure on Ireland to cease Axis contacts; and the resumption of Soviet/Italian relations; from the Saudi Arabian charg� d'affaires in London, describing a large-scale German air raid on London during the night of March 14/15; from the Greek ambassador in Moscow, a report of March 17 addressed to the Greek government in exile in Cairo on his recent talks with the Soviet Foreign Minister which centred on Soviet/Italian relations, and alleged disagreement between the Allies regarding the handling of Italy after its capitulation; from the Siamese minister in Berlin, a report of March 15 suggesting that the cessation of the Allied night air raids on Berlin may be a prelude to an Allied second front in the spring, and he compares the U.S. bombing raids on Berlin adversely with the more effective RAF raids, and summarises the German capability to oppose any second front; from the Turkish ambassador in Washington, a report on U.K./U.S./Soviet relations and the continuing neutrality of Turkey - the ambassador considers that because of the strength of U.S. Jewry, the U.S. were more pro-Soviet than pro-British, and the U.S. would sacrifice Britain to smash Germany; and a reply to Washington from the Turkish Foreign Secretary agreeing with the ambassador's conclusions.


military strength, Allied powers, Battle of Monte Cassino, troop movements, military operations, military situation reports, manpower, German army, Eastern Front, Red Army, breakthroughs, tanks, aerial reconnaissance, German air force, requisitions, railways, communications disruption, guerrilla warfare, occupied Yugoslavia, partisans, naval intelligence, German navy, Pacific War, Japanese navy, warships, aircraft carriers, shipping losses, naval warfare, submarines, United States Navy

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