2455

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/2455
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Europe, Mediterranean
Countries Albania, Bulgaria, Italy, Montenegro, Romania, Sicily
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Foreign Office, Government Code and Cypher School
People Hermann Göring, Benito Mussolini

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Southern Europe: battle reports from 5 German units fighting at the Anzio-Nettuno bridgehead, on February 14; a 14th Panzer Corps report for February 13, stating that the Allies were forced out of Cassino and prisoners were taken; the 51st Mountain Corps' report for February 13; of Allied air operations over Italy, on February 14; a very detailed report on German Air Force (GAF) operations over Italy, for February 13; that the German Admiral for the Adriatic requests the complete re-equipping of his area with modern anti-aircraft defence systems, on February 12; of a shortage of trained coastal artillery officers in the southern Adriatic area, on February 6; that 3 German auxiliary vessels were destroyed by Allied air attacks between the islands of Hvar and Brac, on January 21; that following Allied air raids on Sofia, the Bulgarian government requests modern fire-fighting equipment from Germany, on February 13; of GAF measures to be taken should a state of emergency be introduced into south-east Europe, on February 14; and of the numbers of personnel from the Russian Front with 3rd degree frostbite received in the South-west Command together with details of their replacements being sent from the South-west Command to Russia, on February 2.

Keywords

military situation reports, Battle of Anzio, Operation Shingle, operations planning, German army, counter-attacks, Battle of Monte Cassino, Allied withdrawal, prisoners of war, artillery, effects of bombing, air raids, railways, military shortages, German navy, occupied Yugoslavia, occupied Italy, captured equipment, coastal defence, personnel, shipping losses, aerial attacks on ships, air raid precautions, contingency planning, Nazi-occupied Europe, transportation, aircraft, military medicine, Eastern Front, casualties, disease, adverse weather conditions

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