2448

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/2448
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Foreign Policy and International Relations
Regions Africa, Atlantic, Europe, Latin America, Mediterranean, Middle East, North America
Countries Argentina, Belarus, Bulgaria, Canary Islands, Estonia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Latvia, Russia, Spain, Turkey, United States of America
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School, Security Service
People Edward Bridges, Adolf Hitler

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Southern Europe: battle reports from 6 German units at the Anzio-Nettuno bridgehead, on February 12, noting an Allied attack on Aprilia was repulsed and heavy Allied losses there on the previous day; on the failure of a German attack east of Aprilia resulting in severe losses; and that the Germans require anti-tank guns; battle reports from the main Italian Front, for February 12, detailing an Allied penetration north of Cassino; on the Russian Front: that Hitler is anxious that the Russians should not cross the Dnieper estuary south of Nikolaev, on February 2; and Naval Headlines, covering German use of Talamone harbour (see also 5709). This file also includes the following correspondence: from the Japanese minister in Madrid, a report of (2?) February suggesting that the Allies were preparing to make landings in Spain from both the Atlantic and the Mediterranean; a report of February 9 following talks with the Spanish Foreign Minister, on U.S./Spanish talks on a U.S. fuel embargo, on the fate of the Spanish Blue Division in Russia, on the fate of Italian ships in Spanish ports, on Spanish wolfram exports to Germany, and on U.S. pressure to remove Axis spies from Spain; from the Japanese ambassador in Berlin, forwarding a German assessment of the current war situation, that Hitler orders German troops fighting in Russia to fight to the death, and on the current situation in Spain, on February 9; from the German ambassador in Madrid, a message of January 27 relayed by Berlin to the German Consulate in Tangiers, on talks with Jordana in Madrid on January 26 on the subject of French North Africa, on the situation in Algiers, on the Algiers Committee and the emergence of De Gaule, and on the increase in Communist influence; and from the Turkish representative in Berne, a message from Ankara to the Turkish ambassador in Moscow on February 7 repeating a report from Berne where the Turkish representative had received information originating from the chief secretary of the Bulgarian Legation there, on the impact of Allied bombing raids on Sofia, on the violent reaction from the population against the Bulgarian government, and on moves to improve relations with the Soviet Union and Turkey and to bring into power a pro-Soviet government.

Keywords

military situation reports, Battle of Anzio, Operation Shingle, military operations, Allied powers, German army, counter-attacks, casualties, anti-tank guns, military shortages, breakthroughs, Battle of Monte Cassino, Eastern Front, Red Army, Soviet strategy, Nazi leadership, naval intelligence, German navy, warships, submarines, occupied Norway, naval bases, coastal defence, diplomatic intelligence, predicting enemy intentions, Allied strategy, Spanish armed forces, war materials, espionage, German intelligence services, Spanish foreign policy, communism, colonies, French government, subversion

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