2058

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/2058
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Foreign Policy and International Relations
Regions Atlantic, Europe, Mediterranean
Countries Austro-Hungarian Empire, Germany, Gibraltar, Italy
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School, Security Service
People Edward Bridges, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on South Europe: of German Air Force (GAF) parties being ordered to develop airfields in the final defence line, in the Po plain, on September 28; and of the German withdrawal being hampered by muddy roads, on September 28; on Germany: that Hitler orders that Italian internees are to replace German specialists in the war industry who are exempted from military service, on September 25; on South-east Europe: the German Navy reports measures taken against Italian forces on Corfu and other Greek islands, on September 27; and of the Germans clearing Cephalonia of Italian forces, on September 22; Naval Headlines; from the Portuguese ambassador to the Vatican, that the Germans are to set up an Italian republican government in northern Italy, on September 26; from the Turkish ambassador in Bucharest, that the Germans are satisfied with the resuscitation of the Fascist Party and are not to set up a government, on September 24; and from the Japanese minister in Madrid, relating Spanish criticism of the German policy towards Italy, on September 24.

Keywords

airfields, military organisation, military situation reports, Italian Campaign, invasion of Italy, German withdrawal, forced labour, prisoners of war, Italian armed forces, German war effort, naval intelligence, German navy, warships, German U-boats, diplomatic intelligence, Italian government, German foreign policy, collapse of Fascist Italy

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