2019

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/2019
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations, Foreign Policy and International Relations
Regions Africa, Atlantic, East Asia, Europe, Mediterranean, Middle East, North America, Pacific
Countries Bulgaria, Corsica, Crete, France, French Equatorial Africa, Germany, Gibraltar, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Japan, Nigeria, Russia, Sardinia, Turkey, United States of America
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School, Security Service
People Edward Bridges, Hermann Göring

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Southern Europe: of fighting in the Salerno area, on September 18; that the 76th Corps is to hold the 2nd defensive line until September 21, from September 18; the 76th Corps' situation report for September 17; of renewed Allied attacks in the Salerno area, and the withdrawal of the 10th Army, on September 19; that the 26th Panzer and Hermann Goering Divisions are in contact at Cipriano, on September 18; that the Hermann Goering Division is to partly withdraw in the Salerno area, on September 18; of Italian tanks for the Hermann Goering Division awaiting collection, on September 15; that men and equipment are to be moved from Corsica to the mainland, on September 19; of details on how the movement of motor transport is to be carried out from Corsica, on September 18; Army Group B situation reports in northern Italy for September 17-18; of the emergence of the 5th Army Group in northern Italy, on September 15; the German Air Force (GAF) administrative authority in Italy reports that the supply of aircraft fuel is almost impossible because of the lack of railway tank trucks, on September 15; that the Berlin to Rome civil airline is to be restarted, on September 18; that harbours in southern France are to be fully utilised for operations by German E-boats, on September 18; and that 1800 Englishmen escaped from a prison of war camp at Monte Urano, on September 18; on South-east Europe: that an airfield on Crete is to be blown up, on September 15; a GAF South-east report including that two Italian divisions on the Dalmatian coast had gone over to the Communists by September 14; and that Berlin orders that news from the Balkans includes propaganda to balance an expected paucity of news from Italy, on September 13; from the German secret service, on superior Allied air and artillery activity in the Salerno area, with the German forces withdrawing, on September 18; Naval Headlines; from the Japanese ambassador in Istanbul, relating a German view of the Allied strategy, on September 16; and from the Japanese minister in Madrid, describing the Japanese position and strategy, on September 10.

Keywords

military situation reports, invasion of Italy, Salerno landing, Operation Avalanche, military operations, tanks, counter-attacks, German strategy, military dispositions, German withdrawal, military organisation, captured equipment, Italian army, transportation, landing craft, occupation arrangements, occupied Italy, anti-Nazi resistance, sabotage, railways, partisans, German air force, supply problems, fuel, demolitions, airfields, occupied Greece, communism, German propaganda, civil unrest, military bases, occupied France, naval operations, German navy, torpedo boats, naval intelligence, Battle of the Atlantic, German U-boats, naval bombardment, shipping losses, diplomatic intelligence, Allied strategy, surrender, Italian government, Japanese strategy

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