Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/1993
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Africa, Europe, Mediterranean
Countries Corsica, Crete, Italy, Malta, Sardinia, Sicily, Tunisia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Hermann Göring


A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on Southern Europe: that the Ground Officer Commanding (GOC) the 26th Panzer Division, Lieutenant General von Luettwitz, is considering a withdrawal before September 8 in the face of Allied pressure, on September 7; that the 76th Corps' intentions are to hold the position at Nicastro-Catanzaro, and the 4th Parachute Regiment is to move towards Pizzo, on September 8; a situation report for September 8, noting that the Allies have landed south-west of Pizzo, that the German Northern and Southern Battle Groups have joined up, and that the Allies are pressing forward along the east coast; the Italian Admiralty reports German troops marching on Rome, and that the Navy is ordered to observe all armistice conditions, on September 9; of the 2nd Air Corps' intentions for reconnaissances and operations with all forces against Allied landings in the Salerno-Naples area, on September 8; of the German Air Force (GAF) mounting continuous attacks on Allied convoys south-east of Naples, on September 8; that the German naval authorities are anticipating Salerno harbour to be blown up by the German Army, on September 8; of the Italian Fleet at Taranto being ordered to sail for Malta by the Italian Admiralty, on September 9; of the Germans being unable to take over the Italian Fleet for lack of Army units, on September 8; of orders from German Naval Command for the taking over of Italian warships and merchant ships and the disarming of Italian armed forces, by the German Army in operation ACHSE/MUFFIN, on September 8; of instructions to German naval authorities at Taranto for mining the harbour and outer entrance and, if MUFFIN is not possible, the mining of Brindisi, with E-boats to prevent Italian ships from breaking out, on September 8; of arrangements for Italian naval units to be scuttled, not to be handed over to the Allied navies, on September 8; that all Italian steamships in the Aegean are to transfer to Dodecanese harbours, on September 8; of all German units at sea being ordered to force Italian units to put into harbours north of Civita Vecchia, with resisting vessels to be sunk, on September 9; that German Naval units in Bastia harbour opened fire on Italian vessels at moorings, with Italian artillery being ordered to fire on any German units attempting to leave the harbour, on September 9; of Italian authorities in Bastia being instructed to order anti-submarine patrol vessels to return to harbour, on September 8; of Italian Admiralty orders for the Italian naval authorities to leave Athens for Leros with all moveable units, on September 8; that the Italian Admiral at Leghorn urges the German Naval units there to leave immediately, with unhindered sailing being promised, on September 8; that the Italian Admiralty orders Italian vessels in Toulon to sail for the nearest Italian port, with immoveable vessels to be sunk, and ex-French units to be ignored on September 8; that Toulon is to be handed over to the Germans by the Italian naval authorities, on September 10; that the German Regiment Einstmann on Sardinia is ordered to carry out operation MUFFIN - the disarmament of Italian forces - with immediate effect, on September 8; and on operation MUFFIN being carried out amicably in the Aegean area, on September 9.


German withdrawal, military dispositions, defence, military objectives, military situation reports, troop movements, German army, German air force, operations planning, landing places, aerial attacks, Salerno landing, aerial attacks on ships, convoys, demolitions, ports, Italian navy, defectors, military shortages, personnel, disarmament, Italian army, mines, naval warfare, German navy, armistice, surrender, Italian government, occupation arrangements, naval bases, occupied France

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