1413

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/1413
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Africa, Mediterranean
Countries Sardinia, Tunisia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Erwin Rommel

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on North Africa: a 5th Panzer Army report for February 28 and their combat plans for March 1, noting that little progress was made against the Allied forces; an Army Group Africa report for February 28, stating that forces are moving towards the Mareth Front and Axis units are regrouping for a southern operation; that the 5th Panzer Army was instructed by Army Group Africa to conclude their operations on the northern sector as soon as possible; of regrouping for the Mareth Front; that the 10th and 21st Panzer Divisions are moving south, on February 28; that Kesselring agrees with Rommel that preparations for Operation BONIN must take precedence over Operation ARNIM, on February 27; that the German Air Force (GAF) in Sardinia was instructed on March 1 to carry out additional defence against Allied attacks by night against Axis airfields; that Allied air attacks against Cagliari and the airfield at Elmas resulted in severe damage, on February 28; that a request for ME-210 aircraft to replace JU-88 aircraft for the reconnaissance of Allied convoys was refused, on February 23; and that 2 new generals appointed to take over the 5th Panzer Army and the German Africa Corps are to leave Berlin for Rome on March 1.

Keywords

military situation reports, German army, Italian army, military operations, invasion of French North Africa, operations planning, Eastern Front, German strategy, military commanders, anti-aircraft defence, air raids, effects of bombing, railways, aerial reconnaissance, aircraft, military shortages

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