1321

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/1321
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Africa, Europe, Mediterranean
Countries Bulgaria, England, Gibraltar, Libya, Portugal, Romania, Tunisia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Abwehr, Government Code and Cypher School
People Erwin Rommel

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on North Africa: a Panzer Army report that the withdrawal went according to plan; and that the 21st Panzer Division is to reach Tripoli on the evening of January 16, with its advanced elements at Medenine; a German Air Force (GAF) report for January 17, noting that the Allied thrust was stronger than expected; of the Panzer Army's intentions to withdraw to the Tarhuna-Homs position; that the Panzer Army HQ is to the south-southwest of Tarhuna, as of January 17; a situation report for January 16, for Libya-Tripolitania, that Allied divisions have been identified to the east and south east of Tebessa; an Abwehr report of convoys bringing troops and equipment from the U.K. to North Africa; GAF reports on the planned withdrawal of the Panzer Army; and a line of Allied spearheads from Gheddahia to Faschia, on January 17; a Panzer Army report for January 16, stating that Allied forces were attacking along the whole front; that the 90th Light Division inflicted heavy losses on the Allies in beating off an attack, 56 km west of Beurat; and the 5th Panzer Army's situation report for January 16, noting lively artillery and air activity; on the Russian Front: a 4th Air Fleet situation report for January 16, giving line demarcations; and a situation report for January 17, describing small Soviet penetrations; and on Eastern Europe: that air reconnaissances were ordered to identify threats to convoys from Romania and Bulgaria to the Kerch Peninsula on January 17.

Keywords

German army, troop movements, Desert War, German strategy, German withdrawal, aerial attacks, German air force, military organisation, invasion of French North Africa, Operation Torch, Eastern Front, aerial attacks on ships, Soviet air force

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