1098

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/1098
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Africa, Europe, Mediterranean
Countries Corsica, Crete, France, Italy, Russia, Sardinia, Sicily, Tunisia
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Not Defined

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on North Africa: that the German Navy are not to evacuate Benghazi immediately, on November 13; that the German Air Force (GAF) call for anti-aircraft (AA) units to protect against RAF low-level attacks, on November 13; that the Germans are retreating to a new line, and coming under RAF low-level attacks; that the GAF claims a successful attack on naval and merchant shipping, on November 12; of the GAF's intentions for the Bone area, on November 14; that the GAF are to occupy two airfields in Tunisia; that Nehring takes command in Tunis as the Ground Officer Commanding (GOC) Corps HQ North Africa with German and Italian forces, on November 13; that the German Naval Command in Tunisia was notified of the shipping due at Bizerta, on November 14-17; that the GAF on Sardinia are to attack Bougie and recce Corsica on November 14; on the Mediterranean: the GAF report Allied warships off Toulon, on November 12; a German report of landing operations in Corsica on November 12; a German naval appreciation for the evening of November 13, noting the possibility of action by the British Navy against the French Mediterranean fleet; that Kesselring orders the GAF to engage the 8th Army's supplies and any attack on Rhodes and Crete, on November 12; a German report for all fronts, including that German troops are occupying southern France, on November 13; and on the Southern Russian Front: of GAF aviation fuel shortages at Stalingrad and in the Caucasus because of transport difficulties, as of November 12.

Keywords

evacuation, ports, Desert War, anti-aircraft defence, aerial attacks, Royal Air Force, military situation reports, German withdrawal, aerial attacks on ships, German air force, shipping losses, warships, Royal Navy, United States Navy, transportation, military supplies, operations planning, contingency planning, naval warfare, French navy, airfields, military commanders, aerial reconnaissance, supply problems, Eastern Front, Battle of Stalingrad, predicting enemy intentions

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