1085

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/1085
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Africa, Mediterranean
Countries Not Defined
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School
People Hermann Göring

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on North Africa: of the German Air Force's (GAF's) plans to attack an Allied convoy landing at Philippeville on November 10, with Algiers to be attacked as an alternative target; that the French Naval Command at Oran is to scuttle merchant ships to block the harbour, with Allied forces moving in on the town, on November 9; that GAF fuel supply flights to Tobruk are to end on November 9 and transport aircraft are to start flying out equipment and ammunition at the start of the evacuation, with supply ships to be routed to Benghazi or Tripoli instead of Tobruk; of GAF plans for November 10, including to attack an Allied landing force or Allied ships off Algiers, and to watch for an Allied landing force off Tunis; that Allied convoys were sighted east of Algiers on November 9; on details of GAF deployments to Tunis; that GAF plans for November 10 changed, to the main attack to be against Allied ships unloading at Algiers; that GAF units are to withdraw to Benghazi on November 9; that auxiliary vessels at Tripoli are to sail to Benghazi for the possible removal of materials, on November 9; that a new GAF organisation is to come into force with airfields at Agheila, Arco, Merduma and Nofilia, on November 9; that the GAF are preparing to evacuate equipment from Benghazi to Tripoli, on November 9; that the Germans are preparing to establish a new sea transport HQ at Tunis, on November 8; that Tobruk and the combat zone are expected to be without ammunition on November 10, with supplies to be flown in from Derna and Benghazi; and of a general order from Goering, comprising an admonition of GAF fighter pilots and a call to save German honour.

Keywords

Battle of Stalingrad, supply problems, transportation, fuel, demolitions, ports, Operation Torch, invasion of French North Africa, troop movements, German air force, aerial reconnaissance, convoys, Royal Navy, operations planning, aerial attacks on ships, anti-aircraft defence, military organisation, shipping, evacuation, incompetence, fighter escorts

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