0837

Document Title Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
Reference HW 1/837
Conflicts Second World War
Themes Military Intelligence and Operations
Regions Africa, Europe, Mediterranean, Middle East, South Asia
Countries Egypt, France, Great Britain, India, Italy
Document Type Signals Intelligence
Organisations Government Code and Cypher School, Security Service
People Edward Bridges, Benito Mussolini, Erwin Rommel

Description

A file of signals intelligence reports, messages, and correspondence issued by the Government Code and Cypher School and sent by the head ('C') of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. This file includes the following reports on North Africa: that Italian Divisions were ordered to move overnight on 24/25 August by the Panzer Army; and of a schedule for shipborne supplies of fuel and ammunition to Africa, for August 23-September 4; on the Russian Front: a report for August 25; of German reversals; that the Italian 8th Army and Romanian forces are fighting alongside the Germans; and of German armoured spearheads near Stalingrad; Naval Headlines; and messages from the Japanese ambassador in Rome, on the Axis offensive in Africa; that Mussolini is unlikely to re-visit Africa in the near future; and that the Italians hope for Japanese cooperation in the western Indian Ocean; from the Iranian consul in Baku, that the hospitals are full of wounded and civilians are being evacuated from Baku, oil pipelines have been closed and oil wells are being sealed with cement, with the Russians having decided to destroy all the oil facilities in Baku on the expected approach of the German forces, on August 23; and from the Turkish minister in Chungking, a report of August 24, that the Allies have decided to attack the French coast under the command of General Auchinleck, while a recent test raid proved very difficult with heavy casualties incurred.

Keywords

troop movements, Desert War, German army, transportation, military supplies, fuel, military situation reports, invasion of the Soviet Union, Red Army, counter-attacks, naval intelligence, German navy, warships, Italian navy, shipping, diplomatic intelligence, casualties, Eastern Front, rumours, second front

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